Call 919-467-7777 or Email
to schedule or learn more about our in-person & video telehealth services

LD / Dyslexia - page header image

LD and Dyslexia

Specific Learning Disorder and Learning Disabilities Testing

LD learning disabilities dyslexia testing Cary NC raleigh

A learning disability, also referred to clinically as a Specific Learning Disorder (SLD), is a learning disorder in which an individual experiences difficulty with receiving, processing, and/or communicating information. Individuals with SLDs often have average or above average intelligence but have trouble processing information through typical learning methods because they see, hear, and understand things differently. SLDs can cause learning problems at school, hurt self-esteem, and may continue to have a snowball effect unless addressed early.

Diagnostically speaking, terms such as dyslexia (difficulty processing language/ reading), dyscalculia (difficulty with math), and dysgraphia (difficulty with writing) all describe common learning challenges. However, these terms are not official diagnoses in the current DSM. Similarly, while our psychologists can screen for auditory processing or visual processing difficulties, these are not specific diagnoses in the DSM at this time

LD learning disability children Teenagers testing Cary NC raleigh

Signs of a Learning Disability
in Children and Adolescents

The following are common characteristics that may indicate a learning disability is present:

  • Trouble with spelling, learning the alphabet, rhyming words, or connecting letters to their sounds
  • May make mistakes when reading aloud, repeating and pausing often
  • May not understand what he or she reads
  • Learns language late and has limited vocabulary
  • Trouble breaking down spoken words into syllables and recognizing words that rhyme
  • May mispronounce or misuse similar-sounding words
  • Has trouble organizing what he or she wants to say, not able to think of the word he or she needs for a conversation
  • Can't retell a story in order
  • Doesn't understand the social rules of a conversation, like taking turns
  • Trouble hearing slight differences between words
  • Trouble understanding jokes, comic strips, sarcasm
  • Messy handwriting or holds a pencil awkwardly
  • Has difficulty understanding the concept of time
  • Confuses math symbols and misreads numbers
  • Struggles to express ideas in writing
  • Trouble following directions, may not know where to begin a task
  • Resists or avoids doing homework or requires significant assistance/ extra time to complete the task

While learning disabilities may persist to cause challenges into adulthood, with the right support and early interventions, individuals with learning differences can succeed in school and life.

LD learning disabilities testing child kids teens Cary NC raleigh

Identifying Specific Learning Disabilities Through Assessment

It’s important to know that identifying a Specific Learning Disability in a clinical setting differs from the way the public school system determines a student’s eligibility for a learning disability classification, which then informs how they provide supports or interventions. Schools use classifications while clinical settings will make diagnoses. The public school system typically employs a multidisciplinary, tiered system of interventions before determining if a child meets criteria for an LD classification. Despite these differences, both methods allow schools to recognize a student’s learning needs and provide assistance or accommodations as their resources allow.


We Can Help with LD and Dyslexia Testing

At Wynns Family Psychology, we offer an IQ/Achievement testing package to determine if a learning disability is present. The data relies on assessing a child’s intellectual level and their academic achievement, along with rating scales providing data from parents and teachers. Parents may also desire to expand the testing to a Full Psychoeducational Evaluation to also assess for ADHD and other social, emotional, or behavioral concerns that may be impacting functioning at school or home. Parents are encouraged to share evaluation results with your child’s school and ultimately, a public school referral team will work together with you to determine the next steps in providing your child with necessary supports. Private schools often have their own special education processes as they are not governed by the same institutions as public schools. Parents may also find it helpful to have the testing psychologist attend an IEP or school meeting to participate in educational planning and discuss the child’s needs.


LD / Dyslexia Resources & Articles

Resource Library

View all of the Wynns Family Psychology resource content in the main Resources section. Articles, webinars, videos and more!.
WFP Resource Library

Testing F.A.Q.

Because Wynns Family Psychology highly values assessments, we specifically block time on our schedules each week for testing cases. So, when you call to set up a testing appointment, we can typically see you within a week or two. After the evaluation, we generally schedule an in-person feedback session within 3 weeks to discuss the comprehensive report results. Please also note, for evaluations that require parent and teacher surveys, it is important to complete quickly (e.g., by the final day of face-to-face testing is ideal) and to check in with teachers to ensure they’ve completed their paperwork as well. This data is an important aspect of diagnostic decision making and reports can be very long and time consuming. Delays in paperwork can mean delays in results.

When it comes to Gifted Testing, many parents know their child is “bright” but don’t know specific strengths. The I.Q. and Achievement components that comprise our Gifted Testing provide a comprehensive assessment of your child’s cognitive and academic abilities. And once you have the report, you can use it to qualify your child for AIG services to make school more challenging and enriching!

It depends on your specific concerns. Experts recommend when dealing with disorders (like Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, AD/HD, Learning Disabilities, etc.), the sooner the intervention — the better. With certain disorders such as these, waiting to test (and hoping things will improve on their own) can result in your child’s problems getting worse. If you feel unsure about how to proceed, an in-person consultation is the best and most thorough way to assess your child’s situation. After this meeting, we’ll make recommendations about which tests would be most helpful (or whether one of our other services such as individual or group therapy might be more appropriate). And the price of most consults can be applied toward the cost of our testing packages. Or if you prefer, we’re always happy to provide a free 10-15 minute phone consultation to discuss your concerns and help you determine which path to take.

Call the office (919-467-7777) to schedule the parent consult. This is an in-depth parent-only interview to go over the history, the purpose for your testing, and to ensure the evaluation you choose is designed to answer those questions for you. This meeting providers you more information about testing so you can make a decision about moving forward (whether you decide in the office or need to think about it/ discuss it first). Your evaluator can help you then with next steps (e.g., cost of testing package, whether parent or teacher surveys are needed) when you’re ready. The cost of this meeting is the provider’s hourly fee. If you choose to move forward with testing, that cost is deducted from the full cost of the testing package

Parents often have concerns about their child’s academic, social, developmental, or emotional functioning. They know that “something just isn’t right” but can’t put their finger on it. Undergoing a thorough psychological or psychoeducational assessment can provide specific answers about what is (and what isn’t) going on with your child. Many parents see their children flounder in school and their personal lives for years — spending money on tutors and therapists, without ever determining the root cause of the problem. Having a formal and professional assessment not only yields diagnoses and rules out other disorders, it ultimately saves valuable time and money. Additionally, parents often share our reports with their schools to setup an IEP, 504, or Gifted Plan (DEP) with pediatricians and other professionals such as speech therapists, occupational therapists, and tutors.

Our expert evaluation services are administered by experienced, doctoral-level psychologists that know how to connect with kids in a fun and relaxed environment. We help families by accurately diagnosing children with a wide variety of complex and overlapping concerns. And our comprehensive assessments not only uncover the presence of underlying learning, attention, and psychological issues, but also provide in-depth details about each child’s unique strengths, weaknesses, and needs. We take great pride in the quality, accuracy, and timeliness of our assessments. As a result, our solution-focused reports and custom recommendations piece together a child’s complex puzzle and teach families how to deal with ongoing problems. By the end of your feedback session, your family will be equipped with the answers needed to properly address your concerns and successfully move forward.

Resource Videos

View all of the Wynns Family Psychology resource videos in the Video Gallery.
Resource Videos

Get In Touch - Information & Scheduling

Call 919-467-7777 or email to schedule an appointment or to learn more about our therapy services, testing services, social skills groups, custody services, and team of psychologists and therapists. You can also complete our new client inquiry form to get started.

Most new clients are scheduled for their first full appointment at the Cary, Raleigh, or Greensboro, NC office locations within one to two weeks of calling. We also offer telehealth for those who prefer to have virtual sessions from home, school, or the office.

Request An Appointment Today